The UK 1871 Census

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Introduction

Details the census can provide

Census Enumerators' Books

Full name, exact age, relationship to head of household, sex, occupation, parish and county of birth, medical disabilities and employment status.

Census page

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Each householder was required to complete a census schedule giving the address of the household, the names, ages, sex, occupations and places of birth of each individual residing in his or her accommodation. From 1851, householders were asked to give more precise details of the places of birth of each resident, to state their relationships to him or her, marital status and the nature of any disabilities from which they may have suffered.

The enumerator then collected the census schedules and these were copied into census enumerators' books. The way these are grouped may mean that a road is split over several folios with other streets in between. In this case the street indexes should list a series of folio references.

Although the original census schedules were destroyed many years ago, the books were kept and eventually moved to the PRO archive. The books were then filmed in 1970 to prevent the increasing usage from destroying these fragile records.

You may find the odd torn or mutilated page but in general the records have survived in remarkable condition considering the heavy usage they have had.

The Census is arranged by Registration District and Sub-Districts with Street Indexes for areas of high population.

Definitions

Piece number
Normally contains between 100-400 pages.

A PRO reference number referring to a number of Enumeration Districts represented by a file RG10-XXXX (XXXX = piece number).

Enumeration District
This refers to a group of streets and has a special sheet listing which streets are in the following pages.

Folio
Reference to two pages. The original book pages were stamped with a folio number on every other page in the top right-hand corner.

Census News & Information

Enoch Arnold Bennett in the 1871 Census
Enoch Arnold Bennett was a Novelist, born in Staffordshire. You can find him in the 1871 Staffordshire census at the age of three.

 

The Difference between a Name Index and a Transcript
Ever wondered what the difference between a name index and a transcript was?

 

Possible Pitfalls in Using the Census
Many people don't realise that the census page images we see are actually transcripts of the household census forms, the details were copied into the books by the enumerators.

 

Women allowed to enter the Medical Profession from 1876
In the 19th Century, a career as a physician was a highly respected following for a man. Yet it was considered outrageous for any woman to pursue a career in that profession.